Staghorn sumac (R. typhina) is probably the most commonly used species in gardens. Other sumacs such as staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina, are also members of the Anacardiaceae, but don’t necessarily produce urushiol. The flowers of the tree are edible (for people) and contain lots of vitamin C. Edible sumacs have red berries that are held above the branches. Yes, poison sumac does exist and no, not all sumac is poisonous. • It was used by Native Americans to blend with tobacco. It also occurs in South Dakota, Kansas and Utah. I checked some toxic plant sites and it isn't listed by UCDavis, Purdue University Plants Poisonous to Livestock and Pets, or by Merck Vet Manual. • The berries are high in vitamin C and are useful for colds, fever and scurvy. Is It Poison or Therapeutic? Since there are poisonous plants in the Anacardiaceae family, and since poison sumac does resemble some of the food sumacs during its foliage stage, care should be taken when foraging. Poison sumac (Toxicodendron vernix) has leaves somewhat similar to staghorn sumac. In the fall their canopy turns a brilliant shade of red. If it's good and lemony you'll know it! Sumac grows prolifically in many parts of the U.S. Staghorn and smooth sumac may be seen in landscapes, but are also found in woodlands and along roadsides. Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica), staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), and winged sumac (Rhus coppalinum) ripen in sequence from midsummer through early fall and are ready to collect when they are red to brown in color (depending on species) and very acidic on the tongue. • You can even make sumac jelly. The plant is in the Anacardiaceae family. Staghorn sumac has dentated leaves; in other words it has rough edges. It is a species of prairies and other grasslands, old fields, roadsides, savannas and woodlands, and fencerows. Controlling Sumac Smooth sumac, which is not toxic, grows wild in ravines, glens and prairies, in many parts of the U.S. This plant prefers open uplands, edges of forests, roadsides, and old fields for habitat. Poison Sumac: How to Identify It, and What to Do if You've Been Exposed. Staghorn sumac has very fuzzy stems, hence the name staghorn. but yes its usually in dry soil, just not always. So, white = no; red = go. It does become brittle with time, but that is the case to a lesser degree with redwood and cedar as well. While poison sumac is rare, when you find it in its typical wetland habitat, you may find quite a bit. Poison sumac, Toxicodendron vernix, is related to the poison ivies and poison oaks, not to the other sumacs. California. every thing said about the staghorn sumac is true, except the part about it not growing in swamps. Is Staghorn Sumac Poisonous. I always find Staghorn Sumac as having very low rot resistance. poison sumac must grow in swampy ground yes, but that dosnt mean that staghorn must grow in dry soil. In fact, many Staghorn sumac plants have been mistakenly taken down in the belief that they are poisonous. Giant Hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) Originally from South East Russia and Georgia, can reach 20ft here. If you remember one simple saying, "Berries white, flee in fright" you will be good. Fels naptha soap is often effective at removing the oils thoroughly, as is dish detergent, due to its grease-cutting properties. You can tell the difference between the two because Michaux’s has larger leaves than true poison sumac. This saying also works for the famed poison ivy. Bark is dark brown and smooth or scaly. Opening Plant Material . Also known as velvet sumac due to its soft, fuzzy twigs, staghorn sumac is familiar to most people. No, the sumac that grows in Wisconsin is not poisonous; in fact the young spring shoots and the red berries that ripen in fall are edible. Its open habit and hairy stems resemble horns on a male deer, giving staghorn sumac its name. It blooms particularly around June to July, maturing from August to September. All it needs is an abandoned field, highway median or roadside ditch and it’s happy as can be. The rash-causing agent, urushiol, is the same, and it causes the same rashes. This is especially true if your skin is sensitive and comes in contact with sumac. Im in southwestern Ontario (Canada). Staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) grows just about anywhere and everywhere all across the eastern part of the United States. I figured that you may also have to someday figure out the difference so here is what I found to help you identify the difference (please not I am not an expert and I highly recommend that you err on the side of caution unless you are 100% sure): Where is the sumac growing? Staghorn Sumac is more likely to be found within the eastern half in the United States. Michaux’s sumac (Rhus michauxii) is a dwarf sumac which looks quite a bit like its poisonous cousin. If you’re worried about accidentally picking poison sumac berries, just remember that poison sumac berries are white , not red . i have seen it growing on my property in amongst swamps that only the dear seem to be able to navigate. Rubbing alcohol can also help dissolve the oils, though you must be careful not to wipe the area, as this can spread the oils. Poison sumac, while it looks more like harmless staghorn sumac than like poison-ivy and poison-oak, is actually more closely related to its three-leafed poisonous relatives. Staghorn sumac is often used in mass plantings, for naturalizing, or on steep slopes. The staghorn sumac in some areas will grow more like a shrub than a tree. Staghorn Sumac berries could help make a delightful, healthful drink! And for some people it is. The Staghorn is not poisonous at all. It's leaves are pinnately compound with 11 to 31 lance-shaped leaflets. Stags are adult male deers. Staghorn sumac should be celebrated. Notice below that the poison sumac has white flowers in the spring, unlike staghorn sumac that has green. It is primarily found in southeastern Canada, the northeastern and midwestern United States, and the Appalachian Mountains, but it is widely cultivated as an ornamental throughout the temperate world. But the fruit stage of the Rhus sumacs and their Toxicodendron cousins—poison sumac, poison ivy and poison oak — look pretty different. Sumac can be both poisonous and not. It … Many people believe sumac is poisonous. Several Great Choices. And it’s from an entirely different plant family than poison sumac. But the non-poisonous sumac, also known as Staghorn sumac, is safe to pick. It gets its name from the fuzzy velvet that coats its branches, as well as its antler-like appearance in winter. Harvesting Staghorn Sumac But isn't sumac poisonous? Become a Partner. The Staghorn Sumac, growing up to 30ft. It has edible relatives that are similar, such as Smooth Sumac. It is found from New England south to Georgia west to Michigan, Iowa, Missouri and Mississippi. Staghorn sumac is not to be confused with poison sumac. There are at least three different types of this fruit bearing tree: Poisonous (white smooth berries), Smooth (fuzzy red berries), Staghorn (very fuzzy berry cluster). tall, is a perennial deciduous shrub often associated with its poisonous relative Poison Sumac. • The berries can be steeped to make tea. Yet another name for sumac is staghorn. It is classified as an invasive species in most states. For this reason, it is also known as False Poison sumac. Here’s what you should remember: poison sumac has white berries that hang downward. Reply. Here's the STAGHORN SUMAC TREE, Rhus typhina! Regular sumac prefers drier areas. Staghorn sumac is native to the eastern parts of Canada and the U.S. By late summer it has beautiful autumn-coloured foliage and the fruit is a brilliant crimson red. Staghorn sumac has bright orange or red berries growing at the edge of its stems. Twigs are hairy. When you find edible sumac, taste it before taking it - - put a fuzzy berry in your mouth. There’s nothing like a tasty plant that just loves to … Few trees can grow in such degraded soil like this tree can. Poison sumac has smooth leaves. The sumac is not listed as invasive: it’s just a problem. This tree is wild and in some areas of the country invasive. It is one of the last plants to leaf out in the spring with bright green leaves that change to an attractive yellow, orange, and scarlet in fall. If fact, it is rich in its contributions to the environment. The point I am trying to make here is that staghorn sumac is not poisonous! For comparison, here is a photo of Staghorn Sumac (NOT poisonous). Another common wildlife food genus, related to sumac. It’s often found close to water courses, having escaped from gardens after its introduction in the late 19th century. This is treasured for its interesting texture and form in the landscape. The most popular sumacs for landscape use are winged, staghorn, and smooth sumac, either the native wild species or specially-bred cultivated varieties such as the golden leaf “Tiger Eye” sumac. This little bush only reaches a height of 3 feet, and it is hardy in zones 5 through 7. It is distinguishable by its compound leaves, which turn a scarlet red color in the fall. Burn sumac wood only if you are certain it is not poison sumac, and only under certain controlled circumstances. Rhus typhina, the staghorn sumac, is a species of flowering plant in the family Anacardiaceae, native to eastern North America. The name staghorn derives from the velvety antler horns on stags. Staghorn Sumac is very common, and is not poisonous to touch. Poisonous sumac prefers damp, boggy areas. But staghorn sumac is not poisonous. The heart, when split, shows no spalting, even after that time. Upright, pyramidal fruit clusters are the showiest of the sumacs. The leaves are also serrated along the edges. The sap causes the skin to blister when exposed to sunlight. This deciduous shrub likes full sun and matures to around 6' tall x 6' wide. This is not the case as I have found pieces laying on the ground exposed to the elements for 10 years, and only the sapwood has rotted. Tiger Eyes Sumac is a cutleaf staghorn sumac selection with chartreuse leaflets changing to yellow contrasting with pink stems. It is relatively rare compared to the other members of the family. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. You will not find poison sumac growing up on high, dry hillsides where non-poisonous ornamental kinds typically grow. The most widespread sumac — staghorn sumac — is non-poisonous. Or, more accurately, staghorn sumac. It grows to about 25 feet tall and has an irregular, open crown with a flat top. 0. My chihuahua mix eats the bark off a fallen staghorn sumac at least once a day, and has shown no ill effects. It grows in dry soils, so you will never find Staghorn Sumac growing side by side with Poison Sumac. … The sumac here is not the poisonous kind. Staghorn sumac is an open land species often found on drier soils, but which may occasionally occur on low ground. Note the toothed (not smooth) leaflets. Then just break off the berry cluster and take it home! In fact, it is most often encountered in roadside ditches and at the edges of farm fields. Uses For Non-Poisonous Sumac Sumac may be getting a bad rap here.
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