The use of marine food resources such as the dugong greatly strengthens Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and demonstrates connection with traditional sea country. 8. When Dugong calves need to be nursed, they suck on their flippers, almost like a child sucking on their thumb. After decades of work, A$200 million in taxpayer funding and even more from farmers’ pockets, we finally have a rare good news story to tell about the Great Barrier Reef. In the lagoon formed by the Great Barrier Reef grows fields of sea grass that house a plethora of sea creatures, one of them being the Dugong. Despite their solitary nature, Dugongs constantly communicate with one another through a series of echoing chirps, whistles, and barks. The "turtle and dugong capital of the world", the northern Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait region, faces increased pressure under climate change from … I. Lawler, Ivan. 2006, p. The sensitive ecological status of these animals globally highlights the need for effective management strategies to protect and conserve the Australian population. Most extravagant residents of Austalia's offshore waters that can be spotted all along the Great Barrier Reef Worldwide, the dugong is listed under the IUCN - the World Conservation Union - Red List of Threatened Animals as being vulnerable to extinction. This makes Australia the largest, and globally most important, refuge for dugong. Dugong - Queensland - Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Protecting the Great Barrier Reef Dugong Essay. Much of the information about dugong in the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area comes from research conducted over the past 30 years by Professor Helene Marsh and her colleagues and students at James Cook University and from the local knowledge of Indigenous people and fishers. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority acknowledges the continuing sea country management and custodianship of the Great Barrier Reef by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Traditional Owners whose rich cultures, heritage values, enduring connections and shared efforts protect the Reef for future generations. All you often see is a small part of the head, back or tail breaking the water's surface. Growing up to 3 metres long and weighing over 400kg, Dugongs are fluke-tailed relatives of the manatee. © 2020 Great Barrier Reef Foundation. They listed as a marine and migratory species under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Your donation could help the rare and endangered Dugong remain a regular visitor to the Great Barrier Reef. A personal favourite animal to spot is the Dugong. Found mostly in Australia, Dugong are more closely related to elephants than to whales and dolphins. In addition, the government also applied various techniques, such as scare-off, increasing charges, and avoiding detonations during high tides (Robinson et al. 3. They inhabit both freshwater and brackish water, where seagrass beds can be found. These unusual animals are closely related to dolphins and whales. Most of the world’s dugong population now occurs in northern Australian waters between Shark Bay in Western Australia and Moreton Bay in Queensland. Dugong are more closely related to elephants than to other marine mammals such as whales and dolphins, but their closest living aquatic relatives are the manatees. ISBN 1 876945 15 X. Comparison of dugong habitat zoning within the Great Barrier Reef Marine ... Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.....17 3. Dugongs are an essential element of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people's living maritime culture along the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. Fishing practices, such as commercial netting, can also lead to accidental drownings. Current combined levels of mortality from all threats, as reported in the marine strandings database maintained by the Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage Protection/Queensland Parks and Wildlife, are thought to be unsustainable. One of the world’s most important dugong populations is supported by the Great Barrier Reef . A characteristic dugong weighs about 400 kilograms and can grow up to three meters long (Stonehouse, 1992). Read More. Protecting the Dugong The dugong (Dugong dugon) is the only herbivorous mammal that is strictly marine and is the only extant species in Family Dugongidae. They are the only marine mammals in Australia that live mainly on plants. The plan addresses threatening processes that impact on the long-term recovery and survival of these protected migratory species. The Great Barrier Reef region supports globally significant populations of dugong. 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