This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). K-1 INQC Scientists develop explanations using recorded observations (evidence). 15–17 percent of Kenya's total land area has sufficient fertility and rainfall to be farmed, and 7–8 percent can be classified as first-class land. Alfalfa, the oldest of our cultivated forage crops, is thought to have “originated in southwestern Asia with Iran as the geographic center of origin” (Goplen et al., 1987, p. 5) Alfalfa was first introduced to the Americas by Spanish and Portuguese conquistadors. Non-food (e.g., fibre for clothing) crops as well as animal product commodities were not included in the analysis. Comoros: Focus on climate-smart agriculture practices, extension and water storage for agriculture. We analyzed data for each crop commodity per country per measurement over the most recent three years for which sufficient data were available (2009-2011). 1968 New centres of origin and new gene centres of cultivated plants including specifically endemic microcentres of species closely allied to cultivated species. The magnitude of contribution is indicated by the width of the connecting line. June 5, 2020 / Augusto Castro. Shanghai, CN. Because the line width is nonlinearly adapted to the curvature, it corresponds to the contribution size only at the start and end points. Agroecosystems and Sustainable Landscapes, explanatory material at the bottom of this page, International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), https://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.0792, FAO. Cash crops are a major economic factor in almost every region of the world. crops •It was risk –not certain succeed •Many variables: Weather, rain/drought, getting supplies stolen/attacked by animals or insects. B 283: 20160792. 1687: The Year It All Began. National food supply from plants represents national production plus imports plus or minus food reserve changes over the survey period; minus exports, quantities used for seed, animal feed, and in the manufacture of non-food products, and losses during storage and transport. 5-1. Primary regions of diversity of selected major agricultural crops worldwide. Germplasm selection. Origin of Agriculture Origin of Agriculture. Regions were delineated following national borders in order to form manageable units for the assignment of primary regions of diversity of all crops, and at a scale enabling comparison with national food supply and production data. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The question of how agriculture first arose and spread in Europe has perplexed archaeologists and geneticists alike for decades. From field agriculture to indoor vertical farming in 100 years. Country level information on the importance of primary regions of diversity is available for download for both national food supplies and national production systems. About Blog PKFarmer is a group of agri enthusiastic who wants to improve the conventional standard of farming to a new level where farmers produce more profit and get impressive capital gain for their hard works. by Jim Rose in applied price theory. After aggregation, 53 crop commodities remained in food supplies data, and 132 crop commodities in production data. Can I control that to set up to top left? Perhaps the most famous example of companion planting is “The Three Sisters.” It involves three of the first important domesticated crops in Mesoamerican Societies: maize (corn), pole beans, and winter squash. DP: Without question, the various toxic herbicides that are liberally applied to GM crops are having a devastating effect. Field Crops … Dec 1, 2019 - Trends in the global economy . Food crops have been derived from wild plant species (crop wild relatives) from throughout the world and are now cultivated in locations that may be far from their original sources. Mixtures of crops can provide for a diverse and healthier diet, deter pests and during times of crisis, such as drought or cyclone, provide a form of insurance when at least one crop out of many survives. Gene flow risk assessment in centres of crop origin and biodiversity [poster] [on line]. Adjunt teniu un mapamundi interactiu que podeu consultar per triar els aliments o podeu imprimir les cartilles d’aliments que hem elaborat a partir del material creat pel CIAT (Internati onal Center for Tropical Agriculture) Segona prova: El viatge del menjar. 2014 Prota4u online database (accessed 1 July 2014). This work is by Colin K. Khoury, Harold A. Achicanoy, Carlos Navarro-Racines, Steven Sotelo and Andy Jarvis at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) , and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) . Beltsville, MD: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program (accessed 1 July 2014). Jaap Rouwenhorst via Wikimedia Commons. Vincent H, Wiersema J, Kell S, Fielder H, Dobbie S, Castañeda-Álvarez NP, Guarino L, Eastwood R, León B, Maxted N. 2013 A prioritized crop wild relative inventory to help underpin global food security. Uganda: Project for the Restoration of Livelihoods in the Northern Region focuses on food security, market access, value added and infrastructure. Committee and Shanghai Agrobiological Gene Center (SAGC), Interdrought III. e-mail; 158. shares. The remaining commodities that were not clearly recognizable as specific crop species (e.g., “Fruits, other”) were listed as “not specified”. Change default crop origin of a featured image in Wordpress (thumbnail) Ask Question Asked 9 years, 9 months ago. by Colin K. Khoury, Harold A. Achicanoy, Carlos Navarro-Racines, Steven Sotelo, and Andy Jarvis at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). ter for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT—Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical) outside the city of Cali, Colombia released a set of interactive maps revealing the geographic origins and global dissemination of the world’s most important food crops.1 The maps provide a digital platform Foreign crop usage has increased significantly over the past 50 years, including in countries with high indigenous crop diversity. Without a doubt the history of candied sweet potato recipes can be researched in much more detail than what I have done in this blog post. On the Moove: Modern Domestic Cows Life restoration of an Aurochs bull based on preserved skeletons and the literature. The circular plots display this data, with consuming/producing countries aggregated to the regional level. Headquarters: Tel: +57 2 4450000 Km 17 Recta Cali-Palmira CP 763537 Apartado Aéreo 6713, Cali, Colombia 2016 Global conservation priorities for crop wild relatives. 2001. Circular plots linking the primary regions of diversity of food crops with their current importance in the context of calories (kcal capita −1 d −1 ) in regional food supplies. Explore the geographic origins of our food crops – where they were initially domesticated and evolved over time – and discover how important these “primary regions of diversity” are to our current diets and agricultural production areas. Similar to Carnival in Brazil or Trinidad, the Crop Over Festival, specifically the culmination known as Grand Kadooment Day, attracts visitors and celebrities from all around the world who come to take in the rich culture and heritage and, of course, the parties and jump up. CIAT published a press release in relation to this story which can be read in full here. One such technique is companion planting, an agricultural technique where two or more crops are planted together in a single plot. June 2, 2020 / CIAT Comunicaciones. Against a surging tide of decline for small farms in general, CSA has set roots deep and wide. “The flavor profile features a delicate floral aroma with notes of jasmine and rose, followed by an intense sweetness supporting an array of fruit notes (papaya, berries and currants). Cocoa was first developed as a crop in many ancient South American cultures, with the Aztecs and Mayans being the most well-known of these indigenous populations. 2008. Each region has a color representing its own “native” crops and those colors are connected to other regions due the importance of those crops in the diets/agricultural production in other regions. 1. The agricultural system in Sub-Saharan Africa is a predominantly small-scale farming system with more than 50% of the agricultural activity performed by women, producing about 60-70% of the food in this region. During the creation and testing of the CROPS, NIOSH partnered with stakeholders, sponsored focused research, and oversaw the installation of CROPS on more than 70 tractors in New York, Vermont, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Farming Pros •Produced more food than need = surplus •Can store or sell surplus = Economy •Allowed for stability = permanent settlements •Provided a need to develop technologies The finished interactive product online is available at http://blog.ciat.cgiar.org/origin-of-crops/. I would like to change the way Wordpress crops the featured images thumbnail. The crop map displays primary regions of diversity for selected major agricultural crops. Available online at: https://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2016.0792. (1997). In: nternational Conference on Integrated Approaches to Improve Crop Production Under Drought-Prone Environments (3, 2009, Shanghai, China). Future Farms Will Be Run By Robots. Regional production values were formed by summing national production values across countries comprising each region. Infographic (7.478Mb) I raise cattle, sheep and goats and I hunt. PDF | On Jun 10, 2016, Colin K. Khoury and others published Origin of crops CIAT Blog | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The circular plots link the “primary regions of diversity” of crops (regions where crops were initially domesticated and evolved over long periods of time, and where the diversity of traditional crop varieties and related wild plants is especially high) with crops’ current importance in regional food supplies, measured in terms of calories (kcal/capita/day), protein (g/capita/day), fat (g/capita/day), and food weight (g/capita/day), and in regional agricultural production, measured in terms of total production quantity (tonnes), harvested area (ha), and gross production value (current million US$). An Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT to harness agricultural biodiversity and sustainably transform food systems to improve people's lives. Forty-two of the total 53 crop commodities treated in food supplies data, and 116 of the total 132 crops in production data were attributable to primary regions of diversity. 5-1, 5-2) Old World I. Chinese Center: The largest independent center which includes the mountainous regions of central and western China, and adjacent lowlands. Photo by Neil Palmer/CIAT. Origins of Agricultural Crops. Part two of this week's five-part series on cash crops and the impact they have around the world. Foreign crops are extensively used in food supplies (68.7% of national food supplies as a global mean are derived from foreign crops) and production systems (69.3% of crops grown are foreign). Some features of this site may not work without it. International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) CIAT Posters and Infographics; View Item; Toggle navigation. Available at https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx. Note that some crops possess more than one primary region of diversity (e.g., wheat is listed in Central Asia, West Asia, and the South and East Mediterranean). How we grow food has changed considerably in the last 50 years, with a surge in alternative agriculture emerging in our very recent history. Willem and Sarada conducting research into the origin of the Geisha varietal. [7] Frequency 3 posts / month Since Jul 2020 Blog pkfarmer.com Explore the geographic origins of our food crops – where they were initially domesticated and evolved over time – and discover how important these “primary regions of diversity” are to our current diets and agricultural production areas. Home; Colin K. Khoury; Colin K. Khoury. The International Center of Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) has done extensive work on the origin of different plant domesticates, and their research serves as a large part of the foundation of the regional plant and animal domestication map seen to the left. Specifically, both western and eastern Europe were split into north and south regions to account for cold temperate versus Mediterranean ecologies; Australia and New Zealand were segregated from the remaining (tropical) islands of the Pacific region; and South America was split into Andean, temperate, and tropical regions. At this event, I met an astounding young woman, Harley-Anne Rose, the Miss United States Agriculture for Massachusetts. Note also that due to eco-geographic variation within countries, some countries belong to more than one region (e.g., Colombia is assigned both to Andean and to tropical South American regions). Table 1.3. The primary region of diversity unit was chosen for this analysis due to its greater overall applicability across the literature in comparison to more precisely proposed centres of origin or centres of diversity. Crop diversity, Food security, Plant genetic resources, Crop wild relatives, Conservation science . We analyzed the full set of food crop commodities reported in national food supply and pertinent national production data provided by FAO (1) [for food supplies- calories (kcal/capita/day), protein (g/capita/day), fat (g/capita/day), and food weight (g/capita/day); for production systems- production quantity (tonnes), harvested area (ha), and gross production value (current million US$). We estimate the degree to which countries use crops from regions of diversity other than their own (‘foreign crops’), and quantify changes in this usage over the past 50 years. I. The interactive crop map displays the native origins and primary regions of diversity for selected major agricultural crops. R. Soc. This protection started with placing small boxes with a flat glass roof above the crops on the field [1]. 504 accessions are safety duplicated in International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). The early challenges of drones in agriculture can be boiled down to two things: cost and usability. The possibility cannot be ruled out that misidentified germ plasm used in the experiment, accounted for the flawed conclusion. In 2006, almost 75 percent of working Kenyans made their living by farming, compared with 80 percent in 1980. Viewed 6k times 1. Liberia: Tree Crops Extension project focuses on coffee, cocoa, oil palm and rubber value chains. While being exotic crops to this area, cocoa and coffee are integral part of the culinary culture of the Mediterranean basin, where they are consumed and used daily in food manufacturing, confectionery and in our own kitchens. Active 1 year, 1 month ago. JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Diamond J. Vavilov considered that “as a rule the primary foci of crop origins were in mountainous regions, characterized by the presence of dominant alleles.” In his work entitled The Phytogeographical Basis for Plant Breeding (Vavilov 1935) he summarizes and pulls together all his previous work on centers of origin and diversity. Latin America is a vital region in the global production of genetically modified (GM) crops, with Brazil and Argentina ranked as the world s second and third largest producers, respectively. Figure 2. Available at. the study of the origin of crop plants: proposes relevant types of data and discusses the origin of individual crops based on data available at that time.] Regional food supply values (per capita/day) were formed by deriving a weighted average of national food supply values across countries comprising each region, with national values weighted by population. This work is associated with the publication: Khoury CK, Achicanoy HA, Bjorkman AD, Navarro-Racines C, Guarino L, Flores-Palacios X, Engels JMM, Wiersema JH, Dempewolf H, Sotelo S, Ramírez-Villegas J, Castañeda-Álvarez NP, Fowler C, Jarvis A, Rieseberg LH, and Struik PC (2016). Plant commodities comprised of the same crop species were aggregated into single commodities representing the crop, e.g., sesame seed oil and sesame seed. Your email address will not be published. All (141) countries reported for (current million US$) production value were included, covering 94.1% of the world’s population. The last of the season’s crop was brought into the mill yard decorated with … In this he recognizes eight primary centers, as follows. Read more about the study →. Primary regions of diversity were assigned to crops based on published studies regarding origins and centres of crop diversity and species richness of closely related wild plants (3-18). Gesha seeds. The CROPS designs, installation instructions, industry-standard testing results, and other information are available at the NIOSH CROPS topic page. Gollin (2006) finds declining variability of maize and wheat yields in developing countries that … Paper presented. The Alliance found that the poorest farmers seldom had the capacity or the organization to make the shift to producing for the market without considerable support. Over the following years, small-scale greenhouses were developed [2]. View/ Open. Explore the geographic origins of our food crops – where they were initially domesticated and evolved over time – and discover how important these “primary regions of diversity” are to our current diets and agricultural production areas. Grocery Store taxonomic history and geographical distribution of the species. Climate change will affect Peru’s northeastern coffee region across all links in the crop’s value chain, though primary production will be impacted most significantly, according to a recent study from the World Agroforestry Centre and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture ().. The International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) hosts a collection of 2,712 M.esculenta accessions predominantly of West African origin. Version 1.0 (May 2016). Beyond improving nutrition, interventions should also aim at making agriculture more sustainable. -Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Cali, CO. 1 p. Avilés, D.; Aristizábal, J.M. 2015 FAOSTAT. In the production analysis we also included agricultural crops indirectly contributing to human food supplies via livestock production (i.e., alfalfa, clover, and vetch). To be inclusive with regard to primary regions of diversity of crops, those crops whose primary diversity encompassed more than one designated region were listed in all appropriate regions (e.g., wheat was listed in Central Asia, West Asia, and the South and East Mediterranean due to the high diversity of traditional crop varieties and wild relatives in each of these regions). I had the opportunity to attend the biennial Rhode Island Women in Agriculture conference. Zhukovsky PM. Methods and code for the plots were derived from The Global Flow of People by Nikola Sander, Guy J. Abel and Ramon Bauer at the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital. 1 p. Vavilov, Centers of Origin, Spread of Crops Nicolai Vavilov (1887-1943) was a Russian scientist who headed the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences (later named the Vavilov All-Union Institute of Plant Industry in his honor) in St. Petersburg (Leningrad) from 1920 to 1940. Advances in technology, greenhouses, and consumer demands have all impacted food production. Welcome to Berry Go Round #3, the blog carnival deicated to all things botanical. Students will make a painting of a typical dinner place-setting from their individual countries, then write something about it. Here we determine the origins (‘primary regions of diversity’) of the crops comprising the food supplies and agricultural production of countries worldwide. ORIGINS AND PRIMARY REGIONS OF DIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL CROPS Khoury CK, Achicanoy HA, Bjorkman AD, Navarro-Racines C, Guarino L, Flores-Palacios X, Engels JMM, Wiersema JH, Dempewolf H, Sotelo S, Ramírez-Villegas J, Castañeda-Álvarez NP, Fowler C, … The Crop Over tradition began in 1687 to celebrate the end of the sugar cane crop. History of Agricultural Extension by Stephanie Mercier on Thu, 07/19/2018 - 18:42 State actors have been disseminating information about agricultural practices to their farmers for a very long time. The International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) holds a collection of 5,760 accessions M.esculenta predominantly of South American and Asian origin and 883 associated wild relatives. The biggest cash crops in modern day America currently are corn and soybeans; which bring in about 50 billion dollars each. (2014) ‘A fourth principle is required to define conservation agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa: The appropriate use of fertilizer to enhance crop productivity’ . CIAT is one of the three… See the crops-regions table for a listing of all crops and their primary regions of diversity. Harlan JR. 1971 Agricultural origins: centres and noncentres, Engels J, Hodgkin T, Thormann I, Robinson J, Fowler C. 2001, Hanelt P, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research. Agroecosystems and Sustainable Landscapes, CIAT’s bean releases in Africa -1970-2016, Contact our regional and country offices →. Your email address will not be published. The origin of the ingredients is irrelevant. An interactive resource for exploring links between regional food systems and the primary regions of diversity is available at http://blog.ciat.cgiar.org/origin-of-crops. To account for eco-geographic variation within countries, those countries whose boundaries included more than one region were included in all appropriate regions (e.g., Colombia was assigned both to Andean and to tropical South American regions). In fact, cocoa has appeared in different cultures worldwide for hundreds of years. 1 p. CIAT Infographic. Cali, Colombia: International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). Proc. International analytics award goes to CGIAR centers for sustainable agriculture tools. Centers of Origin of Crop Plants Fig. GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network). The Decolonial Atlas “The recovery of the people is tied to recovery of food, since food itself is medicine—not only for the body but also for the soul and the spiritual connection to history, ancestors, and the land.” —Winona LaDuke. The eight Vavilovian centers of origin for crop plants The Eight Vavilovian Centers (Fig. crops only – rice, maize, and ... thousands of crop varieties preserved in gene banks or available in their places of origin. 29 likes. Molecular and biochemical tests carried out to test Allem’s (1987/1994a) hypothesis on the origin … Cali, Colombia: International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT). Ladiplantas is run by agronomist Olivia Antezana, as part of CIAT (Research Centre for Tropical Agriculture), of the Departmental government of Santa Cruz, since 2000 (Bentley and Boa 2004). Aug 1, 2016 - Where our food crops come from http://blog.ciat.cgiar.org/origin-of-crops/ #corevity #food #health #nutrition #globaleconomy See more ideas about Global economy, Economy, Global. For further information on the primary regions of diversity of all 151 crop commodities assessed in this study, and the countries pertaining to each region, see the explanatory material at the bottom of this page. A Map Of Where Your Food Originated May Surprise You : The Salt A new study reveals the full extent of globalization in our food supply. http://blog.ciat.cgiar.org/origin-of-crops/ Agriculture is the act of farming, including cultivation of the land to grow crops and manage livestock with the goal of producing food, fabric and other products. Explore the links between where food crops come from – their native origins and traditional regions of diversity – and where they are now eaten worldwide. Castañeda-Álvarez NP, Khoury CK, Achicanoy H, Bernau V, Dempewolf H, Eastwood RJ, Guarino L, Harker RH, Jarvis A, Maxted N, Mueller JV, Ramírez-Villegas J, Sosa CC, Struik PC, Vincent H, Toll J. 1965 Main gene centres of cultivated plants and their wild relatives within the territory of the U.S.S.R. Zhukovsky PM. Regional classifications followed those listed in Annex 2 of the FAO State of the World’s Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (2), modified to more accurately represent eco-geographic parameters driving plant species distributions. Origins and primary regions of diversity of agricultural crops. We make life easier for all those who have pets, doing farming, livestock, gardening, and bird keeping. Primary regions of diversity were assigned to crops based on published studies regarding origins and centres of crop diversity and species richness of closely related wild plants (3-18). CIAT Infographic. Relevant news stories See also the news story ‘ CABI joins international team of experts to develop a Global Surveillance System for crop diseases’ and ‘CABI to analyse the impacts of crop pests and diseases which threaten global food security.’ Yield stability is especially critical for farmers in vulnerable, marginal situations. Over the last 18 years, Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) has taken root in North America with moderate speed and has gradually grown to include as many as 1,700 farms spread over every region. The Crop Over Festival is Barbados’ biggest and most popular festival, stretching for over 2 months of the year. Here is a brief walk through the history of the Crop Over festival in Barbados. Recollit el nostre menjar més proper iniciem un viatge cap altres regions. Post Curriculum – Teacher’s Guide Day 1-2: Introduction K-1 LS1F Most plants have roots to get water and leaves to gather sunlight. Origins and primary regions of diversity of agricultural crops. All (177) countries consistently reported during the time period were included for food supplies variables, as well as for production quantity and harvested area, covering 98.5% of the world’s population. Check out the interactive map provided by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) to search for crops and their origins across the globe. The generated thumbnails are cropped from the center. Welcome to the Alliance Bioversity International and CIAT Blog. Agriculture in Kenya dominates Kenya's economy. COVID-19 highlights the need for food systems-based policies for reducing tropical deforestation . For each country, we determined the importance of each primary region of diversity around the world to its national food supply and national production by summing the contribution of consumed/produced crops by their primary regions of diversity. Explore the links between where food crops come from – their native origins and traditional regions of diversity – and where they are now produced worldwide. Potentially disruptive innovations involves strengthening civil society action – for example, the push to clarify the consequences of genetically modified crops; or the use of political consumerism practices such as buying local, organic and sustainably labeled food, or promoting vegetarian or vegan diets. Origin of crops | CIAT Blog; Share or comment on this article: Interactive map shows where the world's food comes from. Prota (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa). Available at https://www.prota4u.info/. Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2019 International Center for Tropical Agriculture - CIAT. Let's take a look at how agriculture has evolved and what changes we … Foodmap, Parksville, British Columbia. Sandra Vald s works on disease-resistant crops at CIAT. Their human migration source code and our source code are both available on Github. Phenotyping platform at CIAT: Improving abiotic stress tolerance of crops and forages in the tropics. See the countries-regions table for a listing of all countries and their associated eco-geographic regions. 27 Jul 2019 Leave a comment. Researchers have found evidence of cocoa-based food dating back several thousand years. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für crops im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). Cassava: The Crop Trust provided support for the Instituto Nacional de Innovación Agraria (INIA) to regenerate, characterize and safety duplicate 1560 cassava accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. While food supply data accounts for direct human consumption, production data for crops such as maize and soybean are potentially inclusive of livestock and industrial uses as well as human food. CIAT has a “roadmap” for agroenterprise development, this does not include guidelines on the formation and strengthening of farmer groups. Their cultural value goes well beyond their centers of origin, and extends to the entire world, including to the Mediterranean region. Crop diversity has diminished significantly; out of a total of 300,000 plant species, only 10,000 have been used for human consumption since the origin of agriculture. , almost 75 percent of working Kenyans made their living by farming, livestock, gardening, and demands... ( 3, the various toxic herbicides that are liberally applied to GM are. Several ways of protecting their crops, 2009, Shanghai, China ) protecting... And most popular festival, stretching for over 2 months of the United Nations hosts a of! Closely allied to cultivated species an Aurochs bull based on preserved skeletons and the literature award goes to centers. 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Improving abiotic stress tolerance of crops | CIAT Blog ; Share or comment on this:. Start and end points, Plant genetic resources Program ( accessed 1 July 2014.!, accounted for the flawed conclusion ) hosts a collection of 2,712 M.esculenta accessions predominantly of African. 9 months ago national food supplies and national production values across countries each!
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