1.1. Jespersen, Otto, 1860-1943. London: Allen and Unwin 237-54. Show they are listening by using minimal responses . The deficit approach is attributed to Otto Jespersen who, in 1922, argued that male language forms were the ‘norm’ and the … Use hyper-correct grammar and pronunciation: Standard English and clear enunciation From Language and Woman’s Place, 1975: Speak less frequently. mm, yeah. The objective of Genderlect theory is to discover how men and women talk idiosyncratically which results into miscommunication. The "deficit theory" of education posits that students who differ from the norm in a significant way should be considered deficient, and that the educational process must correct these deficiencies. Lakoff's research can be seen as representative of the ‘deficit approach’ or ‘deficit model’ to language and gender. I. Descriptions of women's speech as deficient can actually be dated as far back as Otto Jespersen's "The Woman", a chapter in his 1922 book Language: Its Nature and Development, and Origin. Jespersen, Otto: Language: Its Nature, Development and Origin. Jespersen and H. ... the paper ends with a conclusion about the deficit of scholastic grammar at colleges and ... the grounded theory methods (GTM), developed by … Jens Otto Harry Jespersen or Otto Jespersen (July 16、1860-April 30、1943) was a Danish linguist who specialized in the grammar of the English language.He was born in Randers in northern Jutland and attended Copenhagen University、earning degrees in English、French、and Latin. Addeddate 2007-09-11 19:11:35 Bookplateleaf 0004 Call number SRLF:LAGE-229846 Camera 5D theories of second language teaching and learning and acquisition and the viewpoints of Otto. Gender Theory: Deficit theory and more ... Back in 1922, a man named Otto Jespersen wrote a book about language. Publication date [1922] Topics Language and languages Publisher London : G. Allen & Unwin, ltd. Collection cdl; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor University of California Libraries Language English. "Deficit model," "Deficit-based approach," "deficit view," and like terms are used in a wide variety of domains to characterize how individuals, groups of people, organizations, and even places are studied and understood. One part of that book was his evaluation of the differences between 'menspeak' and 'womenspeak'. Studies such as Lakoff's have been labeled the "deficit approach", since they posit that one gender is deficient in terms of the other. According to Otto, numerous researchers have studied language differences between economically privileged children and children who live in poverty. Frauen- und Männersprachen Jespersen geht von der immer wieder aufgestellten Behauptung aus, es gäbe Stämme, bei denen Frau-en und Männer ganz unterschiedliche Sprachen oder … Robin Lakoff, Deficit Theory, 1975. This paper investigates what it is to understand human differences in terms of deficits and examines criticisms of this approach. Speak more quietly than men and tend to use the higher pitch range of their voices. Literature Review Males’ and females’ use of language has been the point of discussion since long (J.L Viveswrote, 1538; Bingham, 1785). In Jespersen’s words, women are the “deficient gender” and their linguistic deviation from the (male) ‘norm’ reflects this. Introduction. For Otto Jespersen and other linguists from the early 20th century, a woman is not a man’s counterpart; she is his wife. Otto Jespersen (1922) presented the notion of women’s speech being One part of that book was his evaluation of the ‘ deficit approach ’ ‘. 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