First of all, Lithuanian is a very old language. Lithuanian is supposed by some to be the most conservative of all modern Indo-European languages and Sanskrit is one of the oldest examples of an Indo-European language, also both Slavic and Indo-Iranian are members of the ‘satum’ group of sub-families in the Indo-European family. The Lithuanian language has always fascinated the world’s linguists and has been admired for its complexity and beauty. Linguists say that Lithuanian is therefore the closest, among the Indo-European languages, to the parent language of Sanskrit. Lithuanian is the official language in Lithuania, with over 85% of native speakers and 90% fluent speakers in the country. The Lithuanian language has many similarities with Sanskrit – the classical language of ancient India, e.g. Many scholars believe that the Baltic languages, and particularly Lithuanian, are closer relatives to the Indo-Iranian than to some of the other IndoEuropean branches. He confirms that there since ancient times have been unique ties between India and Lithuania, not only with regards to language. It is commonly accepted that both Proto-Indo-European short *o and short *a merged as a in both Sanskrit and Lithuanian. From "Lithuania in the World", 1996 No1. It has retained a lot of archaic elements: There are no articles in Lithuanian. Lithuanian has been the official language of Lithuania since 1918. It retains numerous archaic features, many of which are believed to have been present in the early stages of the Proto-Indo-European language. Lithuanian language peculiarities. Sanskrit and Lithuanian are closely related . The Lithuanian language has many similarities with Sanskrit – the classical language of ancient India, e.g. They say there is a great similarity between Lithuanian and Sanskrit, a now extinct classical language spoken in ancient India. At around 5000 years old, Lithuanian is considered one of the oldest languages in the world. Since the 19th century, when the similarity between Lithuanian and Sanskrit was discovered, Lithuanians have taken a particular pride in their mother tongue as the oldest living Indo-European language. According to the 2017 CIA World Factbook, Lithuanian is spoken in Lithuania by 84% of the country’s 2.8 million inhabitants. Probably one would ask why the next sound is represented by -o- rather than -a- as we have both in Sanskrit and Lithuanian. Vin Karnila, Associate editor vin.karnila@VilNews.com. Other languages spoken include Polish, Russian, and Belarusian. Since the 19th century, when the similarity between Lithuanian and Sanskrit was discovered, Lithuanians have taken a particular pride in their mother tongue as the oldest living Indo-European language. Due to centuries of usage in the country, Lithuanian is a national identity. Lithuanian still retains many of the original features of the nominal morphology found in some ancient Indo-European languages like Sanskrit and Latin, and has therefore been the focus of much study in the area of Indo-European linguistics. A Lithuanian etymological index, based upon Brughanns Grundriss and the etymological dictionaries of Uhlenbeck (Sanskrit), Kluge (German), .. 1921 1921 by Bender, Harold Herman, 1882- If comparing the Sanskrit Vedas to the similar Latvian (or Lithuanian) dainas, we see similar themes as well as structure. Some of them focus on the Indo-European / Old Sanskrit origins of the language, some delve into the complexities of the language and some are … There are many articles written about the Lithuanian language. Linguists agree that Lithuanian is the single most conservative living Indo-European language. I soon learn that the professor’s knowledge about the connections between Old Sanskrit and Lithuanian language and ancient cultural ties between India and Lithuania is nothing but amazing. Studies in the field of comparative linguistics have shown it to be the most conservative living Indo-European language. Sanskrit is regarded as the ancient language in Hinduism, where it was used as a means of communication and dialogue by the Hindu Celestial Gods, and then by the Indo-Aryans. Lithuanian du/dvi, Sanskrit dvi/dve, Greek duo/dwo/tyu, Latin duo ("two") As the above answerer said, both Lithuanian and Sanskrit belong to the Indo-European family of languages. I am - you are - they are. It is related to Sanskrit (a classical language of India) Latin and Ancient Greek. Currently there are only two Baltic languages spoken in the world: Lithuanian and Latvian but in the past there were more, such as: Galindian, old Prussian, Yotvingian, Skalvian, Selonian, Semigallian. Lithuanian belongs to the Indo-European language family, and it is so conservative that it actually retains some shared lexicon and features with Sanskrit to this day. in Linguistics, so she knows something about languages. Greek nom. If the status is Proofing available, click the link to … I think that Lithuanian is considered the most conservative language and therefore is closer to the original PIE while Sanskrit, although very old, is relatively divergent, certainly in terms of idiom (going way beyond the SOV order) and sounds. Lithuanian language (lietuvių kalba)Lithuanian belongs to the family of Baltic languages. Lithuanian is the closest modern language to Sanskrit, with Latvian a close second. And, of course, the similarities between the languages. If the language accessory pack includes proofing tools for that language, its status appears as Proofing installed. 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