Here, we find the Cilician Gate, a pass that connects the plain with Cappadocia in the north. Map of Cilician Plains 37 35.325 1 Adana — the capital of the region is a fine riverside city and one of the largest in the country 37.161205 34.606538 2 Çamlıyayla — a town up in the mountains, once used by people of Mersin as a summer retreat to escape hot weather Look at the map on the preceding page, from Amédée Guillemin's great work, "The Heavens," page 244, and you can answer the question for yourself. The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River. The Hittites, Greeks, Alexander the Great, the Romans, Byzantines and Sasanians, Mongols, and the Crusaders have all traveled this route during their campaigns. After crossing the low hills east of the Pyramus it passed through a masonry (Cilician) gate, … When German engineers were working on the Baghdad Railway between Istanbul and Baghdad, they were unable to follow the steep-pitched, narrow, and tightly winding ancient track through the Gates. When this distance is measured from Karataş within a 1:100,000 scale map of Turkey, the city's location is in the periphery of Kızıltahta. Below the Cilician Gates is the medieval Armenian fortress of Anahşa with its large horseshoe-shaped towers and three entrances. The Book of Galatians speaks of the cities of Derbe, Lystra, and Iconium - cities visited by Paul on his first journey (Acts 14; Gal. The Cilician Gates is really a pass in the Taurus mountains though which almost all traffic passing between the Cilician Plain (Tarsus) and the Anatolian highland (Iconium) passed. Tarsus Map; Tarsus Guide; All Tarsus Hotels; Tarsus Hotel Deals; By Hotel Type. Through these passes the armies and the pilgrims, the trade and the travel of the centuries have made their way. Cilicia was by degrees incorporated in the Roman administration, and Cicero, the orator, was governor (51-50 B.C. I beg you, allow me to speak to the people.". See Professor John Garstang's The Land of the Hittites.Cilicia appears as independent under Syennesis, a contemporary of Alyattes of Lydia, 610 B.C. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. E. White. 실리시안 문 지도(Cilician Gates Map). The first Christian apostles and evangelists followed the great highways, through the famous mountain passes, and carried the religion of Jesus to Asia Minor from Antioch as a base.Armenians migrating from the North founded kingdom in Cilicia under Roupen which was terminated by the overthrow of King Levon, or Leo, by the conquering Turks in 1393. 1:2), with the purpose of strengthening their churches, at the beginning of the second preaching journey (Acts 15:40-41). You can write a book review and share your experiences. si-lish'-i-a (he Kilikia): An important province at the Southeast angle of Asia Minor, corresponding nearly with the modern Turkish vilayet of Adana; enfolded between the Taurus mountains and the Mediterranean Sea, with the Amanus range on the East and Pamphylia on the West; chief rivers, the Pyramus, Sarus, Cydnus and Calycadnus. Its highest elevation is about 1000m. Xenophon tells that only one cart could pass through the narrow pass. On his voyage to Rome he sailed across the sea which is off Cilicia (Acts 27:5). Setrek Dag Evi is situated northeast of Çamlıyayla. Because there are not many roads through this mountain range, it was of great strategical importance. When he understood that he was from Cilicia, he said. Cilicia was intimately connected with its neighbor province on the South. Setrek Dag Evi from Mapcarta, the free map. These two ranges of the Amanus, the eastern or Syrian, and western or Cilician, enclose the plain of Issus, and separate it from the more extensive plain to the west, which we may call the Cilician. Hard to find, get to village from the man road, take the right from the small garage up hill) keep going uphill till it starts to level off and you get fork in the road, rake the right and at the end of the road is a rebuilt Roman gate on the left, and a house on the right. Constantinople and Antioch may be regarded as the front and back door of Asia Minor, and as the former was not founded till the 4th century, Asia Minor may be regarded as fronting during apostolic days on Antioch. Roman Road and Cilician Gate, Tarsus: Looking back -- the gate is on the left side of the photo - Check out Tripadvisor members' 2,003 candid photos and videos of Roman Road and Cilician Gate Geography. In the east the Syrian gates are the connection with Syria and Mesopotamia. In 1515 the Turks conquered Cilicia. The Greek… Show place in AWMC's Antiquity À-la-carte , Google Earth , or Pelagios' Peripleo . 3-stars Hotels in Tarsus; Near Landmarks. The idea of a "gate" seems to refer to that which one must pass through, and through which access can be controlled. It is divided by nature into a mountainous part to the West, called Tracheia, and a broad, alluvial plain, hot and fertile, toward the East, termed Campestris or Pedias. The Crusaders allied themselves with the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia. Map of Anatolia ancient regions. After Alexander the Seleucid rulers governed Cilicia from Antioch. The Cilician Gate is a pass through the Taurus mountains; it connects Cappadocia and Cilicia. ... called in antiquity the Cilician Gates. Setrek Dag Evi is an accommodation in Turkey. Its highest elevation is about 1000m.[2]. Gülek Boğazı Geçidi is a pass in Turkey and has an elevation of 1149 metres. The earth, here, is like a lost child in the midst of a forest full of wild beasts. Other articles where Cilician Gates Pass is discussed: Tarsus: …the southern end of the Cilician Gates (the only major pass in the Taurus Mountains), and the excellent harbour of Rhegma, which enabled Tarsus to establish strong connections with the Levant. [5] Its circuit walls and towers at the south and west cover a distance of over 450 meters. The disturbances of the times enabled the pirates so to multiply and establish themselves in their home base, in Cilicia, Tracheia, that they became the scourge of the Mediterranean until their power was broken by Pompey (67-66 B.C.). Acts 21:39 But Paul said, "I am a Jew, from Tarsus in Cilicia, a citizen of no insignificant city. Cilicia has always been isolated from its neighbors by land by its encircling mountains, save for its two famous mountain passes, the "Syrian Gates," which offer an easy road to Antioch and the South, and the wonderful "Cilician Gates," which open a road to central and western Asia Minor. [6] Also in the vicinity of the Gates is a fort built in the 1830s by Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt during his Syrian campaign against the Ottomans.[7]. ancient Cilician Gates - stock photo Turkey, Provinc Icel (Mersin), Tarsus, view from Gülek Castle to The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass, through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gükoluk River. Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria.North and east of Cilicia lie the rugged Taurus Mountains that separate it from the high central plateau of Anatolia, which are pierced by a narrow gorge, called in Antiquity the Cilician Gates. Gülek Boğazı Geçidi from Mapcarta, the free map. In ancient times, this was a journey of nearly five days. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. ).The foremost citizen of the province was Saul of Tarsus (Acts 21:39; Acts 22:3; Acts 23:34). In the east the Syrian gate… The gates have served for centuries as a natural highway linking Anatolia with the Mediterranean coast. The Cilician Gates, a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the gorge of the Gökoluk River. Ancient Cilicia was naturally divided into Cilicia Trachaea and Cilicia Pedias divided by the Lamas Su . Cilicia as a whole consists of two parts: the inaccessible western area of the Taurus mountains, also known as "rough Cilicia", and the eastern plains, which are dominated by the rivers Cydnus, Sarus and Pyramis and are rich in cereals. The series of viaducts and tunnels they built are among the marvels of railroad engineering;[8] this route actually follows an ancient secondary road southeast from Pozantı, below Anahşa Dağı with its medieval Armenian fortress. North and east of Cilicia lie the rugged Taurus Mountains that separate it from the high central plateau of Anatolia, which are pierced by a narrow gorge, called in Antiquity the Cilician Gates. Geography and nomenclature. The great highway from the west, on its long rough descent from the Anatolian plateau to Tarsus, ran through a narrow pass between walls of rock called the CilicianGate,Ghulek Boghaz. Külek Boğazi, mountain pass, S Turkey, leading across the Taurus range. The Bible testifies that Saint Paul of Tarsus and Silas went this way as they went through Syria and Cilicia. Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria.North and east of Cilicia lie the rugged Taurus Mountains that separate it from the high central plateau of Anatolia, which are pierced by a narrow gorge, called in antiquity the Cilician Gates. The Taurus is the region's northern border. During the time of the Crusades the area was controlled by the Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.The Seljuk invasion of Armenia was followed by an exodus of Armenians southwards, and in 1080, Rhupen, a relative of the last king of Ani, founded in the heart of the Cilician Taurus a small principality, which gradually expanded into the kingdom of Lesser Armenia or Armenia Minor. [5] The railroad was opened in 1918; the narrow-gauge working line moved Ottoman troops and war material to the Mesopotamian front in the closing months of World War I. Known to the ancients as the Pylae Ciliciae, it follows the gorge of the Gökoluk River. 서부에서 다소를 가려면 험하지만 아름다운 타우러스 산맥(Taurus Mountains)을 넘는데 특이한 지형과 아름다움으로 여행객들에게 많은 볼거리를 제공한다. To the south, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia's neighbor, and the region knew (and knows) close contacts with Cyprus. Acts 15:23 They wrote these things by their hand: "The apostles, the elders, and the brothers, to the brothers who are of the Gentiles in Antioch, Syria, and Cilicia: greetings. To the south, the Mediterranean sea is Cilicia's neighbor, and the region had (and has) close contacts with Cyprus. The gates have served for centuries as a natural highway linking Anatolia with the Mediterranean coast. Salamis, the city on the east coast of Cyprus, was included in its administrative jurisdiction. Acts 23:34 When the governor had read it, he asked what province he was from. Yumuktepe (modern Mersin), which guards the Adana side of the gateway, with 23 layers of occupation, is at 4,500 BCE, one of the oldest fortified settlements in the world. The Taurus is the region's northern border. [4], Above the Gates to the southwest is Gülek Kalesi (Armenian: Kuklak; Arab: Kawlāk), a large fortification of considerable antiquity that retains evidence of Byzantine and Arab periods of occupation, but is primarily an Armenian construction of the 12th and 13th centuries. Geography and etymology. Acts 15:41 He went through Syria and Cilicia, strengthening the assemblies. Acts 27:5 When we had sailed across the sea which is off Cilicia and Pamphylia, we came to Myra, a city of Lycia. The region includes the provinces of Mersin, Adana, … Known to the ancients as the Pylae Ciliciae, it follows the gorge of the Gökoluk River. Map of the Achaemenid Empire. A remnant of this kingdom survives in the separate Armenian catholicate of Sis, which has jurisdiction over few bishoprics, and Armenians are among the most virile of the present inhabitants of the province.G. Here you see the orbit of the earth overwhelmed in a complication of comet-orbits. Alexander was one of the most renowned leaders of such expeditions, and at Issus he met and shattered the power of the Persian empire.The early settlers of Cilicia are held to have been Semitic Syrians and Phoenicians, but in the still earlier days the inhabitants must have been Hittites. Geography. The Cilician Gates or Gülek Pass is a pass through the Taurus Mountains connecting the low plains of Cilicia to the Anatolian Plateau, by way of the narrow gorge of the Gökoluk River. They had arrived at the Cilician Gates. The southern end of the Cilician gates is about 44 km north of Tarsus and the northern end leads to Cappadocia. Hargrett Rare Map Collection Map #1779:N42 (1779) is. Cilician Gates sÄ­lÄ­sh´É™n , Turk. PAUL’S SECOND JOURNEY, FOLLOWS MAIN EAST WEST LAND ROUTE Same route as Xerxes, Alexander and First Crusade Caesarea is chief Roman ... (This map is not quite right) Evidence Of Christians In Crimea Evidence of Babylonian Church Church in Edessa Possible church in England Paul was in Syracuse Cilician Gate. Ancient Cilicia was naturally divided into Cilicia Trachaea and Cilicia Pedias by the Lamus … Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Nur Mountains, which separated it from Syria. Some of the earliest labors of the great apostle were near his home, in Syria and Cilicia (Galatians 1:21 Acts 15:23, 11). Ancient Cilicia was naturally divided into Cilicia Trachaea and Cilicia Pedias by the Limonlu River. Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Amanus Mountains, which separated it from Syria.North and east of Cilicia lie the rugged Taurus Mountains that separate it from the high central plateau of Anatolia, which are pierced by a narrow gorge, called in Antiquity the Cilician Gates. This may explain why one of the world's oldest fortresses was built at the southeastern end of the Cilician Gates around 4500 BCE. Map of the region covered in this page This region was strategically important as it allowed access to Asia Minor and Europe (through the Cilician Gates in the Taurus range), to Mesopotamia and Asia (through the River Euphrates) and to Egypt (through the River Orontes) and Africa. North and east of Cilicia lie the rugged Taurus Mountains that separate it from the high central plateau of Anatolia, which are pierced by a narrow gorge, called in antiquity the Cilician Gates. 실리시안 문(Cilician Gates). After crossing the low hills east of the Pyramus it passed through a masonry (Cilician) gate, Demir Kapu, and entered the plain of Issus. Later it passed under the Persian sway, but retained its separate line of kings. [3] In the early 20th century, a narrow-gauge railway was built through them, and today, the Tarsus-Ankara Highway (E90, O-21) passes through them. … also an excellent early source map for trail locations, and. Hemperley’s (1978) compilation was the primary source. From 1080 to 1375, the Cilician Armenian state ruled by the Rubenid dynasty existed in the district, until it was seized by the Mamelukes. Cilicia extended along the Mediterranean coast east from Pamphylia, to the Nur Mountains, which separated it from Syria.North and east of Cilicia lie the rugged Taurus Mountains that separate it from the high central plateau of Anatolia, which are pierced by a narrow gorge, called in antiquity the Cilician Gates. In the Middle Ages, Byzantium, the Arabs, and the Seljuks struggled over the district. ... it ran through the narrow pass between walls of rock called the Cilician Gates. Students or pilgrims from Cilicia like himself disputed with Stephen (Acts 6:9). Cilician Gates (sĬlĬsh´É™n), Turk. Külek Boğazi, mountain pass, S Turkey, leading across the Taurus range. The distance from the Anatolian plateau to the Cilician plain is about 110 kilometres (68 mi). The character of Cilician history has been largely determined by the physical features of the province. Here, we find the Cilician Gate, a pass that connects the plain with Cappadocia in the north. Cilicia (/ s ɪ ˈ l ɪ ʃ ə /) is a geo-cultural region in southern Turkey, extending inland from the northeastern coasts of the Mediterranean Sea.Cilicia has a population of over six million, concentrated mostly at the Cilicia plain. Maneuvering down the ridge, and leading the column to a passable point over the ridges that surrounded the mountain pass was challenging, but by early afternoon, Artemis sat on a flat rock, surrounded by soldiers and civilians alike, all … The 1979 photographic survey and a plan of Anahşa castle, http://www.trainsofturkey.com/w/pmwiki.php/Network/CilicianGates, List of populated places in Mersin Province, Emirler Archaeological Site and City Forest Museum, Railroad engineering through the Cilician Gates, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cilician_Gates&oldid=987546188, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 November 2020, at 19:12. The Army of the Ten Thousand, Alexander the Great before the Battle of Issus, Paul of Tarsus on his way to the Galatians, and part of the army of the First Crusade all passed through the Cilician Gates. While few Hittite remains have been brought to light in Cilicia proper, the province was so surrounded by Hittites, and such important works of Hittite art and industry remain on the outskirts of the province, as at Ivriz, Marash, Sinjirli and Sakche Geuzi, that the intervening territory could hardly fail to be overspread with the same civilization and imperial power. 11:26). Galatians 1:21 Then I came to the regions of Syria and Cilicia. Cilicia has always been isolated from its neighbors by land by its encircling mountains, save for its two famous mountain passes, the "Syrian Gates," which offer an easy road to Antioch and the South, and the wonderful "Cilician Gates," which open a road to central and western Asia Minor. Family Hotels Tarsus; Romantic Hotels in Tarsus; By Hotel Class. The Cilician Gates have been a major commercial and military artery for millennia. Saint Paul spoke, according to the Bible, about being in "dangers from rivers" and "dangers from robbers" (2 Cor. 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